The Swachh Bharat Mission - Urban (SBM-U), launched on 2nd October 2014 aims at making urban India free from open defecation and achieving 100% scientific management of municipal solid waste in 4,041 statutory towns in the country.
The objectives of the mission are mentioned below:
- Elimination of open defecation
- Eradication of Manual Scavenging
- Modern and Scientific Municipal Solid Waste Management
- To effect behavioral change regarding healthy sanitation practices
- Generate awareness about sanitation and its linkage with public health
- Capacity Augmentation for ULB’s
- To create an enabling environment for private sector participation in Capex (capital expenditure) and Opex (operation and maintenance)
The Mission has the following components:
- Household toilets, including conversion of insanitary latrines into pour-flush latrines
- Community toilets
- Public toilets
- Solid waste management
- IEC & Public Awareness
- Capacity building and Administrative & Office Expenses (A&OE)
Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s constituency, Varanasi, has soared up the cleanliness scale occupying the 32nd position in ‘Swachch Survekshan-2017,’ which is a part of the Modi government’s flagship Swachch Bharat Abhiyan (SBA) programme or Clean India Mission. It ranked 65th last year and 418th in 2014.
Urban Development Ministry had launched the Swachch Survekshan 2017 on January 4. The survey, conducted by the Quality Council of India, ranked 434 cities across the country on cleanliness and other aspects of urban sanitation. Around 37 lakh people submitted their responses.
Sanitation volunteers knocked on the doors of each house in old city and appealed people not to throw garbage in the open and instead use dustbins placed in their respective areas. Simultaneously, sanitation efforts included door-to-door garbage collection in association. VNN involved three NGOs: ILFS, KIANA and Ecopal in cleanliness work.
ILFS looks after cleanliness in 14 wards along with all 84 iconic ghats. It is involved in door-to-door garbage collection and its volunteers also carried out awareness drive as well. Likewise KIANA looks after cleanliness in 30 wards and Ecopal in 25 wards while VNN cleans 21 wards.
150 dustbins were set up at ghats with a slogan: ‘Use me.’ Around 500 litter bins were distributed in areas alongside the ghats. In all 5,500 dustbins, including smalls and big ones were placed all over the city during last two-and-a-half years.
Under the mission, there was target of constructing 330 toilets across the city. As many as 278 community toilets have already been built and 52 are under construction. Of the total, 30 per cent toilets are for women.
9702 Individual household toilets are to be built in the city by 2019. Of these, 2375 individual household toilets have already been constructed and 1500 are under construction.